Learning Styles and Learning Strategies
Sometimes styles and strategies seem to be used as synonym, which is very confusing, so let me start by giving a short definition for each of them:
Ø Cognitive style is a term describing the quite permanent, partly inhereted and partly learned way the individual thinks, how s/he perceives and stores / recalls information from the memory.
Ø Learning style is the personal approach to learning and strongly related to the existing cognitive style. It describes the particular way individual approaches learning tasks or information in order to solve problems. While cognitive style is very enduring, our learning style can vary somewhat during life, because it derives from our worldview and beliefs.
Ø Learning strategy is the term used to describe the very specific actions learners intentionally or automatically take when they are faced learning tasks.
Some people seem to possess good learning skills by nature, either because of their good thinking and analyzing skills, or because of their excellent memory. Even for those people the education about learning strategies/metacognitive skills is very beneficial, because intentionally chosen strategies work better in different situations. It would be insane to try to memorize every single detail about the world history, as you can easily look things up from a book or the internet, just as it would be insane not to memorize the alphabet or multiplication table. The same strategy just won't work in every situation. Good learning strategies are the chosen tools for successful learning. There will be more about strategies in the tab of meta-cognitive tools.
Not to teach students about good learning strategies would be almost equivalent to abandoning them into woods without relevant survival skills. The constant flow of (mis)information that surrounds us in everyday life is thick like a jungle, and easily leads us astray. Our mental capacity provides us with compensatory skills, though, so the lack of study skills is not as obvious as the lack of survival skills would be in the woods. But, why not help students learn good study and self-assessment skills from the start?
More about learning in the book: